Letter to the Speaker of the House and the Pro Tempore Speaker of the Senate regarding the War Powers Report
Dear Madam President: (Dear Mister President 🙂
I am providing this Supplemental Consolidated Report, prepared by my administration and in compliance with the Powers of War (Public Law 93-148) resolution, as part of my efforts to keep Congress informed of deployments of combat-equipped US armed forces. .
MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SUPPORT OF UNITED STATES COUNTER-TERRORISM EFFORTS
In pursuing counterterrorism efforts, the United States continues to work with partners around the world, with particular emphasis on the areas of responsibility of the United States commands for Central Africa and the United States. Africa. In this context, the United States has deployed forces to conduct counterterrorism operations and to advise, assist and support the security forces of certain foreign partners in the context of counterterrorism operations. In the majority of these locations, the mission of US military personnel is to facilitate counterterrorism operations by partner foreign forces and does not include routine engagement in combat. In many of these locations, the security environment is such that U.S. military personnel may be required to defend themselves against threats or attacks, and, to this end, the United States may deploy U.S. military personnel with weapons and other equipment suitable for force protection. Specific information on counterterrorism deployments in selected countries is provided below, and a classified appendix to this report provides further information.
Military Operations Conducted Pursuant to the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force and in Support of United States Counterterrorism Objectives
Since October 7, 2001, the armed forces of the United States, including special operations forces, have conducted counterterrorism operations, including against al-Qaida and associated forces. Since August 2014, these operations have targeted in particular the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), formerly known as Al- Qaeda in Iraq. In support of these and other operations overseas, the United States has deployed combat-ready forces in several locations within the areas of responsibility of the United States Commands for Central, Europe, Africa, the South and the Indo-Pacific. Such operations and deployments have been reported previously, in accordance with Public Law 107-40, Public Law 107-243, the Powers of War Resolution and other laws. These ongoing operations, which the United States has carried out with the help of many international partners, have succeeded in seriously degrading ISIS’s capabilities in Syria and Iraq. If necessary, in response to terrorist threats, I will order additional measures to protect the people and the interests of the United States. It is not possible at this time to know the precise extent or duration of the deployments of the United States armed forces that are or will be necessary to counter terrorist threats against the United States.
Afghanistan. On April 14, 2021, I ordered the withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan. This withdrawal was completed on August 31, 2021. The United States has relocated its counterterrorism capabilities outside of Afghanistan and remains ready to deal with threats against the United States homeland and the interests of the United States. United States that could arise from within Afghanistan.
Iraq and Syria. As part of a comprehensive strategy to defeat ISIS, the armed forces of the United States are working through, with and through local partners to conduct airstrikes and other necessary operations against the forces of the United States. Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and against al-Qaida in Syria. A small presence of the United States armed forces remains in strategically important locations in Syria to conduct operations, in partnership with the indigenous ground forces, to deal with persistent terrorist threats emanating from Syria. The United States armed forces in Iraq continue to advise, assist and activate certain elements of the Iraqi security forces, including the Iraqi Kurdish security forces. The United States armed forces also provide limited support to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) mission in Iraq. Actions in Iraq are being undertaken in coordination with the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan regional government, and in collaboration with coalition partners. As stated in the joint statement of July 26, 2021 on the strategic dialogue between the United States and Iraq, the United States’ security relationship with Iraq will completely shift to a role of training, advice, assistance. and intelligence sharing, and there will be no State Forces with a combat role in Iraq after December 31, 2021.
As reported in June 2021, I led targeted strikes against facilities in two locations in Syria and one location in Iraq near the Iraqi-Syrian border. These facilities have been used by Iranian-backed militias that have been implicated in a series of attacks on US personnel and facilities in Iraq. These attacks had intensified in the months leading up to the strikes and injured and threatened the lives of United States and coalition personnel. I have directed this action in accordance with my responsibility to protect the citizens of the United States both at home and abroad and in the defense of the national security interests of the United States, in accordance with my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. Foreign Relations and as Commander-in-Chief and Chief Executive Officer.
Arabian Peninsula region. A small number of US military personnel are deployed in Yemen to conduct operations against al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula and against Daesh. The US military continues to work closely with the Government of the Republic of Yemen and partner regional forces to reduce the terrorist threat posed by these groups.
As previously reported, I have ordered an end to US support for the offensive military operations of the Saudi-led coalition against the Houthis in Yemen. The United States Armed Forces, in a non-combatant role, continue to provide military advice and limited information to regional forces for defensive and training purposes only in relation to the Saudi-led coalition campaign. Arabia against the Houthis in Yemen. Such support does not implicate the armed forces of the United States in hostilities with the Houthis for the purposes of the War Powers Resolution.
The United States armed forces are deployed to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to protect United States forces and interests in the region against hostile actions by Iran and Iranian-backed groups. These forces, operating in coordination with the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, provide air and missile defense capabilities and support the operation of US fighter jets. The total number of US forces in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is approximately 2,120.
Jordan. At the request of the Jordanian Government, approximately 3,147 US military personnel are deployed to Jordan to support operations against ISIS, strengthen Jordan’s security and promote regional stability.
Lebanon. At the request of the Lebanese government, approximately 91 US military personnel are deployed in Lebanon to strengthen the government’s counterterrorism capabilities and support the counterterrorism operations of the Lebanese security forces.
Turkey. The United States armed forces remain deployed in Turkey, at the request of the Turkish government, to support anti-ISIS operations and strengthen Turkey’s security.
East Africa region. The United States armed forces based outside Somalia continue to fight the terrorist threat posed by ISIS and al-Shabaab, a force associated with al-Qaida, in Somalia. Since the last periodic report, US forces have carried out a small number of airstrikes against al-Shabaab in defense of our Somali partner forces, and stand ready to conduct airstrikes against ISIS and al-Shabaab terrorists. U.S. military personnel conduct periodic missions to Somalia to train, advise and assist regional forces, including Somali forces and the African Union Mission in Somalia, in counterterrorism operations. United States armed forces are deployed to Kenya to support counterterrorism operations in East Africa. United States military personnel continue to work in partnership with the Government of Djibouti, which has authorized the use of Djiboutian territory as a base for the armed forces of the United States. United States military personnel remain deployed in Djibouti, including to organize counterterrorism and piracy operations near the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and to provide emergency support to the strengthening of security of embassies in East Africa, if necessary.
Lake Chad basin and Sahel region. United States military personnel in the Lake Chad Basin and the Sahel region continue to conduct airborne intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations and provide support to African and European partners conducting counterterrorism operations in the region, in particular by advising, assisting and supporting these partner forces. . About 831 US military personnel are still deployed in Niger.
Cuba. The United States Armed Forces continue to conduct humane and secure detention operations for those detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, under the authority of the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force ( public law 107-40), in accordance with the law of war. . There are 39 of these detainees as of the date of this report.
Philippines. The United States armed forces deployed in the Philippines support the counterterrorism operations of the Philippine Armed Forces.
MILITARY OPERATIONS IN EGYPT IN SUPPORT OF THE MULTINATIONAL FORCE AND OBSERVERS
Approximately 426 U.S. servicemen are assigned to or support the U.S. Multinational Force and Observer contingent, which has been in Egypt since 1981.
UNITED STATES AND NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION OPERATIONS IN KOSOVO
The United States continues to provide forces to the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) in cooperation with local authorities, bilateral partners and international institutions to deter a resumption of hostilities in Kosovo. About 561 US servicemen are among the approximately 4,000 members of KFOR.
I have directed the participation of the armed forces of the United States in all of the operations described above in accordance with my constitutional and statutory authority as Commander-in-Chief and as Chief Executive (including the authority of ‘enforce Public Law 107-40, Public Law 107-243, and other statutes), as well as my constitutional and statutory authority to direct United States foreign relations. My administration and I communicate regularly with Congressional leaders, relevant congressional committees and other members of Congress regarding these deployments, and we will continue to do so.
JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR.